Objectives

Children Unite With A Purpose

View primary source photographs to chart nouns, verbs and phrases that are generated when students make careful observations and thoughtful interpretations to stimulate curiosity and set the stage for inquiry.  

Standards

1.IT-DP.5. State the meaning of specific signs, graphics, and symbols.

Resources

-King, March on Washington, Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. waves to participants in the Civil Rights Movement's March on Washington from the Lincoln Memorial. It was from this spot that he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech on August 28, 1963. Stock Photo ID: HU052225; Date Photographed: August 28, 1963. Credit: © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS

-March on Washington Demonstration-Stock Photo ID: WL009621; Date Photographed: August 01, 1983; Model Released: Location: Washington, DC, USA; Credit: © Wally McNamee/CORBIS

-Bayard Rustin and Cleveland Robinson -Bayard Rustin, left, and Cleveland Robinson shown during the March on Washington for Civil Rights Stock Photo ID: 42-27355832; Date Photographed: August 07, 1963. Photographer: Orlando Fernandez/New York World Telegram and Sun Newspapers. Location:Washington, DC, USA; Credit: © Corbis

-CORE Members Sing at March on Washington-Members of CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) singing together at the March to Washington. More than 200,000 people participated in the March on Washington demonstrations. The throng marched to the Mall and listened to Civil Rights leaders, clergyman and others addressed the crowd, including Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech.Stock Photo ID: 42-18150833; Date Photographed: August 28, 1963. Location: Washington, DC, USA; Credit: © Steve Schapiro/Corbis

-Coretta Scott King Speaking to Crowd-Original Caption: Washington. D.C. Coretta Scott King addresses the 25th anniversary of the March on Washington 8/27 before a crowd of 50,000. Mrs. King is surrounded by her children Yolanda, Martin Luther King III, and Dexter. Stock Photo ID: U93084083; Date Photographed: August 27, 1988. Location: Washington, DC, USA; Credit: © Bettmann/CORBIS

-Civil Rights March on Washington-Original caption:8/28/1963-Washington, DC: Placard-bearing demonstrators march down Constitution Avenue from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial during the civil rights march on Washington. Stock Photo ID: BE047114; Date Photographed: August 28, 1963; Location: Washington, DC, USA; Credit: © Bettmann/CORBIS

-Jackie Robinson Joins in the March on Washington- Jackie Robinson Marching with more than 200,000 others in the March on Washington demonstrations. The throng marched to the Mall and listened to Civil Rights leaders, clergyman and others addressed the crowd, including Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech. Stock Photo ID: 42-18150832; Date Photographed: August 28, 1963; Location: Washington, DC, USA. Credit: © Steve Schapiro/Corbis

-Elementary Reading Lesson- Young African American children attending a reading lesson in a segregated elementary school. Washington, DC, March 1942. Stock Photo ID: IH102463; Date Photographed: March 01, 1942; Location: Washington, DC, USA; Credit: © CORBIS

-African American Children Marching with Signs Near Segregated School-Sixteen Black children accompanied by 4 mothers carry signs demonstrating their feelings as they walk to Webster School in Hillsboro, Ohio, April 3, after the US Supreme Court had ordered immediate integration at the school April 2. The children were turned away again as they had been every day for two years. The school board said that is was awaiting official notification of the Supreme Court's decision before taking any action. | Location: Hillsboro, Ohio, USA. Stock Photo ID: U1103225; Date Photographed: April 03, 1956; Location: Ohio, USA; Credit: © Bettmann/CORBIS

Warm Up

Dr. King told the parents, “Don’t worry about your children. They are going to be all right. Don’t hold them back if they want to go to jail for they are doing a job for all of America and for all mankind.” Have a group discussion to address the following question-

What job were they doing?

Have students watch and discuss the film clip Mighty Times: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5c113fq3vhQ

New Material

THE BIRMINGHAM PLEDGE

Please copy & return this form to Birmingham Pledge Foundation, 2829 Second Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35233

birminghampledge.org

I believe that every person has worth as an individual. I believe that every person is entitled â¨to dignity and respect, regardless of race or color. I believe that every thought and every act of racial prejudice is harmful; if it is my thought or act, then it is harmful to me as well as to others.

Therefore, from this day forward I will strive daily to eliminate racial prejudice from my thoughts and actions. I will discourage racial prejudice by others at every opportunity. I will treat all people with dignity and respect; and I will strive daily to honor this pledge, knowing that the world will be a better place because of my effort.

Signature

Street address_____________________________________________________________________

ZIP Code_________________________________________________________________________

Date_____________________________________________________________________________

Practice

1.Ask students in small groups to make an observation about each one of the historical photographs at their table.

2.Have each group make a careful observation, discuss what they see, think and wonder about each picture.

3.Encourage students to back up their interpretation with reasons. Have each group create a list of at least 5 questions they have about each photograph.

Assessment

 Create a class chart to display the students' responses of their interpretations and wonderings for all to see and return to periodically during the course of this unit.

Closure and Reflection

View primary source photographs to chart nouns, verbs and phhrases that are generated when students make careful observations and thoughtful interpretations to stimulate curiosity and set the stage for inquiry. Have each student take the Montgomery Boycott Pledge home to review and complete with an adult.