By the end of this lesson students will be able to:

  • Analyze Education as a Civil Right
  • Evaluate the ways in which education is used as a means of protest



Frederick Douglass speeches from the Library of Congress' American Memory Collection


Nannie Helen Burroughs Papers from the Library of Congress


Warm Up

Students are introduced to the concept of education as a civil right by first reading Frederick Douglass' 1872 speech entitled “Self-Made Men.”

New Material

Students will select from a folder of Frederick Douglass speeches (see resources listed above)


Exercise: Students will create a timeline from a folder of events (primary sources) collected throughout the unit and answer the following questions:
1. Where did this come from?
2.A. Who wrote this? Why?
  B. Who took this picture? Why?
3.Why do you think this is important?
4.A. If this was made today what would be different?
  B. Would it be relevant?
5.What can you learn from examining this image or document?

Follow- up Activity:
A. Compare and contrast two related primary source items

KWL Chart Many Faces of Protest

Download this file


Students will select two of the following and compare and contrast their legacies:

  • Frederick Douglass
  • Nannie Helen Burroughs
  • Mahatma Gandhi 
  • Dr. Martin Luther King

Closure and Reflection

Review Historic Protests

Review Student Presentation Proposals