Objectives

Students will be able to:

  • Explain how the Lemon Grove Incident differed from the school segregation in the east coast. 
  • Determine whether the arguments supporting the segregation of Mexican students were valid and sound.

Standards

RI.5.1 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

RI.5.2 Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

RI.5.6Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

RI.5.7 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.

RI.5.9 Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.


Resources

The Lemon Grove Incident





"The Lemon Grove Incident." Directed by Frank Christopher. 1985. San Diego, CA: KPBS Television

Warm Up

Students will be provided with a copy of "View of 1930's Prejudice" by Jesus Rangel.  Students can be asked to read the entire article or focus on paragraph 1, 2, 4, and 6. They should be expected to answer the following questions:

  • Who was involved in the Lemon Grove Incident?
  • Where did it happen?
  • Why did it happen?
  • How did the judge rule?
Discuss answers as a class or in partners. 

View of 1930's Prejudice

Jesus Rangel, New York Times, Wednesday, September 17, 1986

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New Material

As a class, we will watch clips of the moview "The Lemon Grove Incident" and document the similarities and differences the segregation that occurred with Mexican children had with Black children in the east coast.

Segregation Comparison Chart



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Practice

As a class, we will look more closely at the "View of 1930's Prejudice" and we will determine what happened in this situation.  Emphasis will be placed on the reasons why this segregation was happening.

Using an excerpt from the Journal of San Diego History "The Lemon Grove Incident" we will examine as a class whether the arguments presented to the court were sound and valid (did they make sense?).

Lemon Grove Argument

Excerpt from the Journal of San Diego History

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Assessment

Brief constructed response:

How was the Lemon Grove Incident different from the Little Rock Nine situation? How was it the same?  Use evidence to support your answer.  

Closure and Reflection

Using the map and the timeline completed previously add the Lemon Grove Incident accordingly to each.