Objectives

Students will be able to: 

  • Explain the causes and effects that resulted in banning of school desegregation (at Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas).
  • Using the newspaper articles from "The Tiger," how the students from LRCHS saw and experienced the arrival of the Little Rock Nine to school.

Standards

RI.5.1 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

RI.5.2 Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

RI.5.6Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

RI.5.7 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.

RI.5.9 Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

DCPS Social Studies Standards



5.6.4Describe the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments and African American political and economic progress. (P, E)
5.14.1Describe the proliferation of the Civil Rights movement of African Americans from the churches of the rural South to the urban North. (G, P)
5.14.4List and describe the steps toward desegregation (e.g., A. Philip Randolph?s proposed 1941 March on Washington, Jackie Robinson and baseball, Truman and the Armed Forces, Adam Clayton Powell and Congress, and the integration of public schools). (P, S)
5.16.2Describe the lives of African Americans, including an explanation of their early concentration in the South because of slavery, the Great Migration to Northern cities in the 20th century, and ongoing African immigrant groups (e.g., Ethiopians, Nigerians, and Ghanaians), and where they have tended to settle in large numbers. (G, S)

Resources

Students will be working with the two editions of "The Tiger," LRCHS newspaper.  

http://www.centralhigh57.org/the_tiger.htm 

Warm Up

Students will answer the following questions to begin class:

  1. Is school segregations fair? Why or why not?
  2. How does school segregation impact people?
  3. Why would people want to keep segregation? Why would they want to end it? 

New Material

Lesson will begin with a brief review of how we got to this point (making specific reference to the events covered previous day's timeline).  During the brief class lecture touch on the following points:

  • Blossom Plan: gradual integration of blacks into schools, beginning with Central High the fall of 1957
  • National Guard and Governor Faubus, September 4th
  • September 23 first day black students enter classes
  • Angry mob -- "two, four, six, eight... we ain't gonna integrate"
  • US Army's 101st Airborne Division 
  • Minnijean Brown reacts to the torment 
  • May 27, 1958 and graduation
  • School closure fall 1958

Practice

In pairs or small groups, students will read the newspaper articles written by the students of LRCHS.  Provide students with additional primary sources to build background knowledge. While reading they should look for evidence to explain:

  • What happened when the Little Rock Nine tried to attend Central High?
  • How did the community and the school administration react to the integration of the school?
  • How did the country and the federal government react to Governor Faubus behavior?
  • How did the students of Central High feel, act and react to everything surrounding the school integration?  

Links:
"The Tiger" Newspaper: http://www.centralhigh57.org/the_tiger.htm
"Brave Hearts: Remembering the Little Rock Nine, 1957":  http://life.time.com/history/little-rock-nine-1957-photos/#1 
"Southern School Desegregation: 1957-1962": http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/03_schools.html#press

Assessment

Brief constructed response:

Explain how the students, administration and country as a whole responded to the arrival of the Little Rock Nine to Central High.  Use evidence to support your answer.   

Closure and Reflection

Have students participate in brief discussion on why would the community react this way to the arrival of the Little Rock Nine.