Students will be able to: 

  • Explain the causes and effects that resulted in banning of school desegregation (at Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas).
  • Compare and contrast the 5 cases of Brown v. Board of Education by examining primary sources.  
  • Create a chronological timeline of events resulting in the end of school segregation.  


RI.5.1 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

RI.5.2 Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

RI.5.6Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

RI.5.7 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.

RI.5.9 Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.


Helpful websites with background information:

  • "From Canterbury to Little Rock" National Park Services  http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/crandall/CRfacts2.htm 
  •  "Little Rock Central High 40th Anniversay-The Tiger" http://www.centralhigh57.org/the_tiger.htm#Oct.%203
  • "Brown v. Board: Timeline of School Integration" http://www.tolerance.org/magazine/number-25-spring-2004/feature/brown-v-board-timeline-school-integration-us

Warm Up

Students will be given pictures with dates and brief anecdotes surrounding key events in the banning of school segregation.  Students will be asked to line themselves up chronologically in order from first to last event. 

Teacher will check to see whether they lined themselves correct. 

Warm Up Documents

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New Material

After students have completed the warm up, teacher should review the terms and their importance to the Civil Rights Movement and to school desegregation. Ideally students should read the term they have out-loud to the class and then have teacher offer supplemental information surrounding case. 

Note: two dates have been left blank, this if for the Lemon Grove Incident and Mendez v. Westminster.  Students will return to this handout on the days those cases are covered. Two complete blank slots are also included at the end, this is for the DC cases/scenarios.  

Timeline Student Outline

Guided outline for student use while reviewing terms.

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After reviewing the main events leading up to and occuring after Brown v. Board of Education, students will examine the five cases that resulted in Brown v. Board of Education to better understand why the court ruled in favor of school desegregation.  Students will be expected to examine a map, several photographs and small blurbs about the cases to understand the importance of this case. 

Once students have had time to examine and discuss the cases, bring the class back together to clear up any misconceptions or provide additional background information surrounding the cases.  

Primary Sources Student Activity

Part One of the documents needed for student practice.

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Primary Sources Student Activity

Part Two of the documents needed for student practice.

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Brief Constructed Response:

Explain the similarities and differences the five cases of Brown v. Board of Education have.  Refer to examples from the primary sources and from the class discussion.

What were some causes that resulted in the five cases of Brown v. Board of Education? (Hint: use chronological timeline) 

Closure and Reflection

Have students make predictions of how this will all impact the Little Rock Nine.