Students will be able to:

  • compare and contrast how school segregation impacted African Americans and Latinos in different parts of the country. 
  • Evaluate our current national school system by comparing it to the 3 court cases of school segregation.


RI.5.1 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

RI.5.2 Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

RI.5.6Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent. 

RI.5.7 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.

RI.5.9 Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

DCPS Social Studies Standards

5.6.4Describe the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments and African American political and economic progress. (P, E)
5.14.2Explain the role of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). (P)
5.14.3Identify key leaders in the struggle to extend equal rights to all Americans through the decades (e.g., Mary McLeod Bethune, Ella Jo Baker, César Chávez, Frederick Douglass, Rodolfo ?Corky? Gonzales, Charles Houston, Martin Luther King, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, Carlos Montes, Baker Motley, Rosa Parks, Malcolm X, Eleanor Roosevelt, Reies López Tijerina). (P)
5.14.4List and describe the steps toward desegregation (e.g., A. Philip Randolph?s proposed 1941 March on Washington, Jackie Robinson and baseball, Truman and the Armed Forces, Adam Clayton Powell and Congress, and the integration of public schools). (P, S)
5.16.2Describe the lives of African Americans, including an explanation of their early concentration in the South because of slavery, the Great Migration to Northern cities in the 20th century, and ongoing African immigrant groups (e.g., Ethiopians, Nigerians, and Ghanaians), and where they have tended to settle in large numbers. (G, S)

Distinguish between waves of immigrant Latino groups and identify the push and pull factors that stimulated their transnational movement (e.g., Cubans in the 1960s and 1980s; Central Americans in the 1980s; Caribbean peoples, especially Haitians and Dominicans, in the 1990s). (G, S)


[Here, you should include a list of primary and secondary sources as well as other materials you will be using in the class. Attach all handouts and readings you will use for this lesson to the curricular unit.]

Warm Up

Students directions: briefly describe the following terms:

  • Plessy v. Ferguson
  • Brown v. Board of Education
  • Segregation
  • Lemon Grove Incident
  • Mendez v. Winchester
  • Bolling v. Sharpe 

Review terms briefly with class. 

New Material

Whole class discussion:

  •  compare and contrast how school segregation impacted African Americans and Latinos in different parts of the country. 

This should be mostly students leading the discussion, it would be helpful if teacher created a venn diagram on the board and took notes as students discussed.

Once students have discussed the previous question, pose this follow up question and use previous lessons data as support:

  • how does our current national school system compare to the three main regions and cases we discussed? 


Using the notes and work students have done, they will begin writing the rough draft for their five-paragraph essay answering the question:

  •  compare and contrast how school segregation impacted African Americans and Latinos in different parts of the country. 

Essay organizer

Download this file


Students will be assessed throughout the discussion and when they submit their five-paragraph essay organizer.

Closure and Reflection

To conclude the class students will be asked to complete a quick write answering the questions:

  • Do we still have segregation today? Why or why not? Use at least two pieces of evidence from today to support and defend your answer.