Objectives

By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

  • Compare and contrast reasons for building the Old and New Ballous.
  • Analyze recent controversy over funding for the New Ballou.
  • Consider how the new school building will shape school culture.

Standards

DCPS Content and Skills Standards:

United States History - 11th Grade 

  • 11.4. Students analyze the changing landscape, including the growth of cities and development of cities divided by race, ethnicity, and class.
D.C. History and Government - 12th Grade
  • 12.DC.10. Students compare the employment (e.g., skilled and unskilled trades, entrepreneurs) and educational opportunities (e.g., elementary through postsecondary training) for white and black Washingtonians.

Historical and Social Studies Skills

  • 9-12.HCI.1: Students compare the present with the past, evaluating the consequences of past events and decisions and determining the lessons that were learned.
  • 9-12.HCI.3: Students show the connections, causal and otherwise, between particular historical events and larger social, economic, and political trends and developments.
  • 9-12.HCI.4: Students recognize the complexity of historical causes and effects, including the limitations on determining cause and effect.
  • 9-12.HCI.6: Students interpret past events and issues within the context in which an event unfolded rather than present-day norms and values.

Resources

Daily Handout

All questions and portions of the lesson are included in this handout.

Download this file

Primary Sources:

Ballou Movie, Garden Thieves Pictures, <http://www.balloumovie.com>, 2008.

Bowie-Gridley Architects, "The New Ballou: Schematic Design Video," <https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=WP51kfyderc>, 2012. 

DeBonis, Mike "Behold the New Ballou High School," Washington Post, September 28, 2012.

DePillis, Lydia, "Barry Unsuccessful in Ousting White Architects for Ballou High," Washington City Paper, March 12, 2012.

George Washington University: School of Media and Public Policy, "The New Ballou: Academics at Ballou Senior High School," < http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNwDMvTxAo0 >, 2011.

In-Class Interview with Rahman Branch, Principal, Ballou Senior High School. 

Warm Up

Warm-Up:  Students will answer the following questions to the best of their abilities.  The film is included to put students in a postitve, but realistic and introspective mood when thinking about where their school is headed.  The overwhelming story of Ballou's success stories is overcoming adversity.  This film shows it.

1.  What does the "Old Ballou" mean to you?

2.  What does the "New Ballou" mean to you?

Ballou, A Documentary Film





To be played as students enter the classroom. This is a lengthy documentary and should not be shown in its entirety unless time allows.
Creator: Garden Thieves Pictures
Source: http://www.balloumovie.com
Date: 2008

New Material

New Material: Pay attention to the teacher for instructions on how we’re going to go over new material today.

Video: The New Ballou: Schematic Design Video

3.  As we watch the video (7 minutes), students use the space provided to write your impressions and a list of features.We will discuss the video after it’s completion.

For further clarifications, we can go to the architecture firm’s website.

The New Ballou: Schematic Design Video





Creator: Bowie-Gridley Architects
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=WP51kfyderc
Date: 2012

Before you read: Mike DuBonis, “Behold, the New Ballou High,” Washington Post, September 28, 2012.

4.  What type of document is this?Who might the audience be?

5.  What are any distinguishing physical marks on the document? (For example, handwritten, typed, stamp, etc.)

6.  Who wrote this?When?Where?

After you read: 

7.  Who is the architecture firm employed for the project?

8.  What is the total estimated cost of the New Ballou?

9.  When will the project be completed?

10.  How many classrooms will be in the New Ballou?Gyms?

11.  Other than being “new,” how does this design differ from the Old Ballou?

12.  Do you think this project will change any of the attitudes surrounding Ballou Senior High School, either from within or from “outsiders”?  Why or why not?

DeBonis, "Behold the New Ballou High"



Download this file
Creator: Mike DeBonis
Source: The Washington Post
Date: September 28, 2012

Practice

Guided Practice: For this portion, we want to look at the academic attitudes as we get ready to move into the New Ballou.

Before you watch: The New Ballou: Academics at Ballou High School

13.  What type of document is this?Who might the audience be?

14.  Who filmed this?When?Where?Why?

After you Watch:

15.   How many of the people featured in the video still work at or attend Ballou? (Names?)

16.  What problems with academics at Ballou are identified? (What inhibits academic success?)

17.  What strategies for fixing the problems with academics at Ballou are discussed?

18.  Are we on our way to meeting the goals presented by the video?(Go Knights)

The New Ballou: Academics at Ballou Senior High School





Creator: The George Washington University: School of Media and Public Affairs
Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNwDMvTxAo0
Date: 2011

Interview with Principal Branch: Students will interview the current principal of Ballou Senito High School.  They have prepared questions in a pervious lesson.

19.  My two best questions:

Independent Practice:  Building the New Ballou is not without controversy.  Just like the Old Ballou, there were politics, finances, and a world of discussion before it could be built.  You will analyze this last article to get a better idea of one such controversy.

Before you Read: Lydia DePillis, “Barry Unsuccessful in Ousting White Architects for Ballou High,” Washington City Paper, March 12, 2012.

20.  What type of document is this?Who might the audience be?

21.  What are any distinguishing physical marks on the document? (For example, handwritten, typed, stamp, etc.)

22.  Who wrote this?When?Where?

After you Read:

23.  What was Councilmember Barry’s reason for opposing construction of the New Ballou?

24.  Do you think Councilmember Barry’s concerns were legitimate?Why or why not?

DePillis, "Barry Unsuccessful"



Download this file
Creator: DePillis, Lydia
Source: Washington City Paper
Date: March 12, 2012.

Assessment

Assessment:  Answer the following question to the best of your ability.  Your answer must be long enough to answer the question in full.

25.  Compare and Contrast the 1960 building (and politics) to the 2014 building (and politics).

Closure and Reflection

Exit Slip:  Give honest answers to the following questions on a separate sheet of paper.

26.  How will this new building change things for Ballou Senior High School?

27.  What is one question you have about Ballou – past or present – that you haven’t found an answer to yet?