Objectives

Objectives: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

  • Identify key dates in the development and construction of Frank W. Ballou Senior High School.
  • Analyze primary documents from Ballou’s early years in order to determine the original vision for Ballou Senior High School.
  • Develop connections between the District’s demographic trends and the enrollment of Ballou Senior High School.

Standards

DCPS Content and Skills Standards:

United States History - 11th Grade 

  • 11.4. Students analyze the changing landscape, including the growth of cities and development of cities divided by race, ethnicity, and class.
D.C. History and Government - 12th Grade
  • 12.DC.10. Students compare the employment (e.g., skilled and unskilled trades, entrepreneurs) and educational opportunities (e.g., elementary through postsecondary training) for white and black Washingtonians.

Historical and Social Studies Skills

  • 9-12.HCI.1: Students compare the present with the past, evaluating the consequences of past events and decisions and determining the lessons that were learned.
  • 9-12.HCI.3: Students show the connections, causal and otherwise, between particular historical events and larger social, economic, and political trends and developments.
  • 9-12.HCI.4: Students recognize the complexity of historical causes and effects, including the limitations on determining cause and effect.
  • 9-12.HCI.6: Students interpret past events and issues within the context in which an event unfolded rather than present-day norms and values.

Resources

Daily Handout

All questions and portions of the lesson are included in this handout.

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Primary Sources:

Casamento, Vic, "New High School for Southeast Nearing Completion," The Washington Post, 6 August, 1960, p. D2.

Clopton, Willard, Jr. "Principal Rebuffs Marchers," The Washington Post, 22 May, 1968, p. A8.

Knoll, Erwin. "District to See 'Renaissance' in School Design," The Washington Post and Times Herald, 22 August, 1958, p. A22.

McGory, Mary, "CIA at the Blackboard, With Scratchy Results," Los Angeles Times, 26 June, 1977, p. J5.

Naltchyan, Harry. "$93,000 Repairs Needed at New School," The Washington Post, 24 August, 1962, p. D2.

Shapiro, Leonard. "Whitman Moves Up in Highs Ranking: Ballou Retains Top Spot," The Washington Post, 1 February, 1971, p.D3.

Shapiro, Leonard. "Ballou Gains Top Spot in Area Ratings," The Washington Post, 25 January, 1971, p. C4.

Staff Writer, "City Views: CIA tutoring in the schools," The Washington Post, 30 June, 1977, p. 133.

Staff Writer, "DC Schools: A Guide to the City's Schools," The Washington Post, 1 December, 1977, p. 127.

Staff Writer(s) "Killing Ourselves: The 175 Men, Women, & Children Shot and Killed in the Washington Area in 1980," The Washington Post, 31 December, 1980.

Staff Writer, "New Ballou School Praise," The Washignton Post, 1 September, 1960, p. B2.

Tarnapol, Paula. "Helping Kids Stay in School," The Washington Post, 31 May, 1979, p. DC10.

Whitaker, Joseph D. "King Legacy Recalled: Children Assess Legacy of Dr. King," The Washington Post, 16 January, 1979.

Yearbook Staff, Ballou SHS. Rountable, 1963-1964.

Secondary Sources:

None 

Warm Up

Warm-Up: Use the article “New Ballou High School Praised” to answer the following questions.

1.  What year did Ballou Senior High School first start classes?

2.  How much did it cost to build the Old Ballou?

3.  How many students could be enrolled in the Old Ballou?

4.  Who was the first principal of Ballou Senior High School?

5.  What year was the first graduating class?(Class off…)

6.  Rewrite this quote in your own words:

“There won’t be any alibis in this building… Any teacher who can’t teach here just can’t teach.  Any youngster who doesn’t want to go to this school just doesn’t want to go to school.”

New Ballou High School Praised



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Creator: Staff Writer
Source: The Washington Post
Date: September 1, 1960

New Material

New Material: Pay attention to the teacher for instructions on today’s lesson.

Frank W. Ballou Senior High School has a brief history compared to many other high schools in the District of Columbia Public Schools such as Eastern and Dunbar.Despite this, there are many items in our history of which we should be aware.Ballou has been many things at many times, but at it’s core has been the mission of educating the youth of Southeast DC

In today’s lesson we will analyze several documents to gain a better understanding of the first twenty years of Ballou Senior High School.  The first article is entitled, “District to See ‘Renaissance’ in School Design.”

DirectionsWe will be completing this portion of the assignment together.  Refer to the article, “District to See ‘Renaissance’ in school design.”

Before you read:

7.  What type of document is this?Who might the audience be?

8.  What are any distinguishing physical marks on the document? (For example, handwritten, typed, stamp, etc.)

9.  Who wrote this?When?Where?

After you read:

10.  How many new schools were being built in the District at this time?

11.  What are some of the considerations architects had when designing new schools?

12.  Why does the author claim there is a “renaissance” in school design?

13.  What design aspects are considered innovative during this Renaissance?

14.  What happened to the courtyard mentioned in the last paragraph?

15.  What was the estimated cost of the building when this article was published?

Renaissance in Design



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Creator: Knoll, Erwin
Source: The Washington Post
Date: August 22, 1958

Practice

Group Practice:  In small groups, students will analyze two articles to get an idea of the stories the Washington Post published regarding Ballou Senior High School during this time period.

Before you read: $93,000 Repairs Needed at New School

16.  What type of document is this?Who might the audience be?

17.  What are any distinguishing physical marks on the document? (For example, handwritten, typed, stamp, etc.)

18.  Who wrote this?When?Where?

After you read:

19.  Though the picture is not present, what did it show?

20.  What was the cause of the problem?

21.  What are the proposed solutions to the problem?

$93,000 in Repairs



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Creator: Naltchyan, Harry
Source: The Washington Post
Date: August 24, 1962

Before you read: CIA at the Blackboard, With Scratchy Results

22.  What type of document is this?Who might the audience be?

23.  What are any distinguishing physical marks on the document? (For example, handwritten, typed, stamp, etc.)

24.  Who wrote this?When?Where?

After you read:

25.  What is the role of the CIA in the United States government?

26.  Who was the principal at Ballou?

27.  What were members of the CIA doing at Ballou?

28.  What did their critics claim these members were doing?

29.  Does the author of this article approve or disapprove of the partnership?What phrases illustrate this?

30.  Was this an official action by the CIA?How do you know?

 Excerpts from: “City Views: CIA tutoring in the schools,” The Washington Post, June 30, 1977.

31.  With which of these 1977 District residents do you most closely agree regarding members of the CIA tutoring at Ballou?Why?

CIA at Ballou



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Creator: McGory, Mary
Source: Los Angeles Times
Date: June 26, 1977

City Views - CIA tutoring in the schools



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Creator: Staff Writer
Source: The Washington Post
Date: June 30, 1977

Indendent Practice: Individually, students will analyze another source.  Assist in assigning these sources, as some are more difficult than others, or at least require different skills.  The cover to the yearbook may seem like an easy assignment, but the analytical skills required are quite advanced.

Before you read:

32.  What type of document is this?Who might the audience be?

33.  What are any distinguishing physical marks on the document? (For example, handwritten, typed, stamp, etc.)

34.  Who wrote this?When?Where?

After you read:

35.  What new information about the history of the Old Ballou does this source reveal?

36.  Does this source give a positive or negative view of the school to the District community?

37.  What are two questions you have as a result of this source?

New High School for Southeast Nearing Completion



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Creator: Casamento, Vic
Source: The Washington Post
Date: August 6, 1960

1963 Roundtable Cover
Creator: Ballou SHS Yearbook Staff
Source: http://www.itsallaboutfamily.com/j16/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=253:frankwballouhs&catid=418&Itemid=435
Date: 1963

1964 Roundtable Cover
Creator: Ballou SHS Yearbook Staff
Source: http://www.itsallaboutfamily.com/j16/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=253:frankwballouhs&catid=418&Itemid=435
Date: 1964

Marchers from the Poor People's Campaign



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Creator: Clopton, Willard, Jr.
Source: The Washington Post
Date: May 22, 1968

Ballou Basketball



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Creator: Shapiro, Leonard
Source: The Washington Post
Date: February 1, 1977

Ballou Gains Top Spot in Area Ratings



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Creator: Shapiro, Leonard
Source: The Washington Post
Date: January 25, 1971

1977 DC Schools Guide



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Creator: Staff Writer
Source: The Washington Post
Date: December 1, 1977

Helping Kids Stay in School



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Creator: Tarnapol, Paula
Source: The Washington Post
Date: May 31, 1979

King Legacy



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Creator: Whitaker, Joseph D.
Source: The Washington Post
Date: January 16, 1979

Killing Ourselves



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Creator: Staff Writer(s)
Source: The Washington Post
Date: December 31, 1980

Assessment

Assessment: Answer the following questions to the best of your ability.

38.  Which source from today’s lesson best displays the Old Ballou of the era?Why?

39.  How would you describe the Old Ballou up to 1980?

Closure and Reflection

Exit Slip:  Answer the following question to the best of your ability.  Your answer must be at least a paragraph in length.  If you would like to write more, you may do so.

Do you recognize this Ballou?  If so, what's familiar?  If not, what's changed and why?