By the end of this lesson, student will:

  • lead and assist their classmates in reviewing outline notes using the Outline Notes Format handout as an example.
  • decide which events, places, peoples, and dates are most important
  • will choose a subtitled section to research and write a short paper (due at completion of the section).
  • format discussion questions about the section


DC Content Power Standards :
1.6, 1.7, 1.9 Influences on American Revolution, Formation of Constitution, Effects of Civil War and Reconstruction
DC Content Supporting Standards:
DCPS 11.1.9: Explain the effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction and of the Industrial Revolution, including demographic shifts and the emergence in the late 19th century of the United States as a world power. (G, P, E)
DC Historical and Social Studies Skills Standards:
HCI.1, HCI.3, HCI.7 Compare Past to Present, Connecting Events and Trends, Meaning/Impact of Historical Events
Common Core Reading for Literacy in Social Studies Standards:
RH.11-12.1, 2 , 4, 10: Cite textual evidence, summarize, vocab, read complex texts
Common Core Writing for Literacy in Social Studies Standards:
WHST.11-12.8a, 8c, 5a Use print and digital sources, Determine value of a source, Brainstorming, Outlining


[Here, you should include a list of primary and secondary sources as well as other materials you will be using in the class. Attach all handouts and readings you will use for this lesson to the curricular unit.]

Chap. 2.3 Manifest Destiny and Crisis Outline

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Warm Up

Get out your notebooks and textbooks and turn to page 192. Using the Outline Handout as usual, review this section with your group and fill it in. Remember, as always, you should concentrate on the Big Ideas in each section and sum them up in brief, short, snippets.

You should include dates, places, events, causes, outcomes, people, connections to what you have already learned and what you may already know, and anything else of significance that you can think of. 

In twenty minutes we will discuss this together. I will need a Moderator and a Scribe to volunteer.

Civil Disobedience, Henry David Thoreau

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Letter from Birmingham Jail, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

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New Material

Students will work in groups and highlight the most important issues, people, places, etc., that are in Chapter 3.3, Manifest Destiny and Crisis.

They should be able to make connections to events in Chapter 2.2 and explain how expansion, slavery, and compromise eventually lead to the start of the Civil War. 

Chap. 2.3 Manifest Destiny and Crisis Outline

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Students will work in groups to review their booknotes from the previous night and reformat them, essentially distilling them down to their essence.

Afterwards, using a white board, a Moderator from each of the groups will take turns leading a short discussoin about each of the various sections (see handout) while a Scribe will write down the notes on the board. 

We will continue round robin style until we have completed Chapter 2.3


Students will turn in their Ouline Notes for this Section.

Class participation

Closure and Reflection

You should have a good idea of the issues that developed because of the ideas of Manifest Destiny. In many ways it will be the reason for two wars; The War with Mexico in 1845, and the Civil War that began in 1861. Please read and annotate the two handouts I have given you. There is a connection between Dr. King and David Thoreau and in what they wrote. For that matter, where they wrote them is intersting as well. Please do a bit of research and see if you can come up with any of those connections.