Objectives

By the end of this lesson, students will:
  • review the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and speculate what impact Manifest Destiny had on the terms presented by the United States.
  • determine who the savages referred to in the treaty are and then speculate as to why this section was important enough to be included.
  • read the article about the Wilmot Proviso and explain how it led to the notion of popular sovereignty.
  • discuss the election of 1848 and the impact of the Free-Soil Party on the election.
  • read Congress Struggles for a Compromise aloud (page 196) and formulate a discussion question.
  • create a T-Chart showing the workings of the Fugitive Slave Act that was part of the Compromise of 1850 on one side, and reasons that Abolitionists objected (Thoreau, Tubman, and Douglas should be included in the chart).

Standards

DC Content Power Standards :
1.6, 1.7, 1.9 Influences on American Revolution, Formation of Constitution, Effects of Civil War and Reconstruction
DC Content Supporting Standards:
DCPS 11.1.9: Explain the effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction and of the Industrial Revolution, including demographic shifts and the emergence in the late 19th century of the United States as a world power. (G, P, E)
DC Historical and Social Studies Skills Standards:
HCI.1, HCI.3, HCI.7 Compare Past to Present, Connecting Events and Trends, Meaning/Impact of Historical Events
Common Core Reading for Literacy in Social Studies Standards:
RH.11-12.1, 2 , 4, 10: Cite textual evidence, summarize, vocab, read complex texts
Common Core Writing for Literacy in Social Studies Standards:
WHST.11-12.8a, 8c, 5a Use print and digital sources, Determine value of a source, Brainstorming, Outlining

Resources

Article: The Wilmot Proviso



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Warm Up

Now that we have had a chance to look over the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, discuss and specualte the role that Manifest Destiny played in the contents of the treaty.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (February 2, 1848) Excerpts



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New Material

Article: The Wilmot Proviso



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After reading the short article about the Wilmot Proviso with your groups, discuss the following questions:

  •  What issues and concerns did the South have regarding the Wilmot Proviso?
  • What issues and concerns did the North have regarding popular sovereignty?
  • Write down one statement in support of either position and one statement that objects to either position.
  • Make sure you base your support or objections on the Constitution and the understanding of that document in both the North and South.

Excerpt from The Comanche Empire



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Read the handout Excerpt from The Comanche Empire.

  • Who where the savages spoken of in the Wilmot Proviso?
  • Why was this section so important to include in the treaty?
  • Knowing what you now know, how did the presence of the Comanche influence Mexico's decision to invite American citizens to live in Texas?

Practice

The Compromise of 1850 Work Sheet



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Using their textbooks, students will discuss the reasons for the formation of the Free-Soil Party and its impact on the election of 1848.

  • What other instances in history has and election been impacted by a third party?
Students will read Congress Struggles for a Compromise aloud (page 196) and formulate a discussion question.

Students will read the handout from the LOC (The Compromise of 1850) and then create a T-Chart showing the workings of the Fugitive Slave Act that was part of the Compromise of 1850 on one side, and reasons that Abolitionists objected (Thoreau, Tubman, and Douglas should be included in the chart).

Students will then answer the following questions:

  • What were the concessions each side made to pass the Compormise?
  • Which concessions by the South were viewed favorably by the North? Why?
  • Which concessions by the North were viewed favorably by the South? Why?

 

Assessment

Students will hand in their Work Sheets

Exit Slips

Short response for homework

Closure and Reflection

It seems evident that in order for the country to expand, there was a necessity for compromise. Sadly, compromise is often impossible. What issues were not open for true reconciliation?

On an Exit Slip, write down one modern issue that you believe is as intractable as the issue of slavery. How is the issue similar? Can they be solved short of violence? Why or why not?

Homework: Using the issue from today’s Exit Slip, write a short response comparing it to the issues raised in the Compromise of 1850.

. Make sure you take notes.