Objectives


(Days 4-5)

Over the course of this two-day lesson, SWBAT: Identify, evaluate and give oral arguments on the immediate causes of the Civil War (War Between the States)

  1. Economic and social differences between the North and the South.
  2. States versus federal rights.
  3. The fight between Slave and Non-Slave State Proponents.
  4. Growth of the Abolition Movement.
  5. The election of 1860 (Abraham Lincoln) 
and whether the conflict was over ending slavery or states asserting their rights.

Standards

Link to Common Core Standards for History/Social Studies (Grades 6-8)

  • RH.6-8.1.
  • RH.6-8.2.
  • RH.6-8.4.
  • RH.6-8.5.
  • RH.6-8.6.
  • RH.6-8.7.
  • RH.6-8.8.
  • RH.6-8.9.

Link to Common Core Standards for Writing (Grades 6-8)

  • WHST.6-8.1.
  • WHST.6-8.2.
  • WHST.6-8.4.
  • WHST.6-8.5.
  • WHST.6-8.7.
  • WHST.6-8.8.
  • WHST.6-8.9.

DCPS Social Studies Standards



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Resources

In addition to the primary and secondary sources lited below, students will also use their US History textbook as a reference.

1860 Census Data

Economic and social differences between the North and South

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After raw cotton was ginned of its seeds, huge cotton presses were used to form it into uniform bales for shipping and marketing. Advances in technology allowed the continued growth of the cotton industry well after the end of slavery. This engraving is from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, published in October, 1877. Image Credit: Collection of the New-York Historical Society


Petition of the People of Colour



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1850 Census Data



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Cotton Pressing in Louisiana



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Charles Ball Narrative



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1790 Census Data



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1790 Census Data



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1790 Census Data



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1820 Census Data



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1820 Census Data



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Jackson Proclamation



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Calhoun statement on nullification



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Jefferson draft of Kentucky resolution



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Creator:
Source:
Date:

Jefferson addresses Congress




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US Constitution - Article 6



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Thomas Jefferson addresses Congress

Audio - Jefferson addresses Congress

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SC succession



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Bleeding Kansas

Compromise of 1850



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Wilmot Proviso



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Missouri Compromise



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Congressional Scales



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Sumner affair



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Editorials on Sumner affair



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John Brown Raid

John Brown

John Brown Trial

Dred Scott decision



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Dred Scott

Fugitive Slave Act 1850



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Narrative of Frederick Douglass



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Anthony Burns



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Uncle Tom's Cabin



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John Brown broadside

Order of succession

Lincoln campaign poster

Lincoln's Inauguration

Battle at Ft Sumter

Battle at Ft Sumter



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American Civil War map

Election 1860 map

Confederate constitution

Color lithograph showing Confederate leaders and flags



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Seal of Confederate States of America

Seal of the Confederate States of America



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Warm Up

Students will read both articles and complete a Y-chart to compare and contrast the main idea/thesis, facts, sources and historical insight.

Slavery, Not States' Rights, Caused Civil War Whose Political Effects Linger

Npr.org

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Five myths about why the South seceded

Washington Post

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New Material

Through primary and secondary source documents, students will examine five immediate causes of the Civil War (see learning objectives).  In mixed ability cooperative learning group, students will complete document analysis worksheets.  Upon completion of these worksheets, students will cooperatively write an oral argument as to whether their cause was related to slavery or states rights. After hearing from each of the groups, students will write a persuasive BCR (Brief Constructed Response).  Was the Civil War a war to end slavery or to protect states' rights?

New Material:

The Kentucky Resolutions were drafted in secret by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in the fall of 1798 to counter the perceived threat to constitutional liberties from the Alien and Sedition Acts. These federal laws limited naturalization rights and free speech by declaring public criticism of government officials to be seditious libel, punishable by imprisonment and fines. Jefferson's draft resolutions claimed states had the right to nullify federal laws and acts that violated the Constitution. The Kentucky Resolutions were passed, and the role Jefferson and Madison played in drafting them was kept secret throughout their years of public service. 

Practice

Students will continue to practice primary and secondary source document analysis

Document Analysis



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Causes of Civil War Big Ideas



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Assessment

Students will write a persuasive BCR (Brief Constructed Response).  Was the Civil War a war to end slavery or to protect states' rights? The BCR will be assessed using the DC-CAS rubric.

Closure and Reflection

[The closure of a lesson should directly tie the new material, student practice, instructional objectives, and assessment together. It should also connect this lesson to the previous lesson and link to the next lesson(s). In this is space you can also include your notes about how the lesson went. You should indicate what worked well, what was problematic, ideas for modifying the lesson for future use, and how this particular lesson ties in with others in the same curricular unit.]